Chiang Mai is the largest city in northern Thailand. It is the capital of Chiang Mai Province and was a former capital of the ancient kingdom of Lanna (1296–1768), which later became the Kingdom of Chiang Mai, a tributary state of Siam from 1774 to 1899, and finally the seat of a princely rulers until 1939. It is 700 km (435 mi) north of Bangkok near the highest mountains in the country. The city sits astride the Ping River, a major tributary of the Chao Phraya River.
Chiang Mai means "New City" it was named like this because it became the new capital of Lanna when it was founded in 1296, succeeding Chiang Rai, the former capital founded in 1262.